Determining the Role of Hand Feeding Practices in Accidental Shark Bites on Scuba Divers

Abstract : Introduction: Shark-based ecotourism is significantly developing around the world, often without appropriate management of risk. This activity involves a risk of accidental bites on divers that can be quite severe or even fatal. Objectives: To determine if ecotourism companies' liability can be engaged in the context of bites on scuba divers in presence of hand-feeding practices, supporting the legitimacy of financial compensation for the victims. Methods: We analyzed the development from the mid-eighties to 2010 of shark-based ecotourism through artificial provisioning practices in Moorea Island (French Polynesia) and more specifically the features and motivation of two bites on divers by Sicklefin Lemon sharks. Results: The specific practice of hand-feeding can be considered as a facilitating factor for accidental bites on divers, potentially involving the diving operator's responsibility. Conclusions: Our findings should support the technical work of experts that might be called in such cases.
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Journal of Forensic Science & Criminology, Annex Publishers, 2015, 3 (5)
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E. E. Clua, F. Torrente. Determining the Role of Hand Feeding Practices in Accidental Shark Bites on Scuba Divers. Journal of Forensic Science & Criminology, Annex Publishers, 2015, 3 (5). 〈hal-01238771〉

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