First record of viviparity in polystomatid flatworms (Monogenea: Polystomatidae) with the description of two new species of Madapolystoma from the Madagascan anuran hosts Blommersia domerguei and Mantella expectata

Abstract : Two frog species, Blommersia domerguei and Mantella expectata, are reported as hosts for new species of Madapolystoma. Phylogenetic analyses and genetic divergences observed in the genus supported the distinction of two morphotypes infesting selectively each host species and morphological investigation combining marginal hooklet morphometrics, genital spine number and measurements further showed that polystomes from the two host species differed from each other and from all other known polystomes. Madapolystoma magnahami n. sp. and Madapolystoma isaloensis n. sp. are therefore described as two new species. Advanced in utero development was illustrated in both polystome species following the observation of well developed hamuli and two pairs of haptoral suckers in developing embryos. Inside some of these in utero embryos a F2 generation embryo was also observed. This is the first report of true viviparity among polystomatid flatworms.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 23, 2018 - 6:02:07 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 24, 2018 - 1:13:49 AM

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Willem Landman, Olivier Verneau, Louis Du Preez. First record of viviparity in polystomatid flatworms (Monogenea: Polystomatidae) with the description of two new species of Madapolystoma from the Madagascan anuran hosts Blommersia domerguei and Mantella expectata. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, Elsevier, 2018, 7 (3), pp.343 - 354. ⟨10.1016/j.ijppaw.2018.09.004⟩. ⟨hal-01933560⟩

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