Carbon flux to the deep in three open sites of the Southern European Seas (SES)

Abstract : In this study, we investigate the strength and efficiency of carbon sequestration in the Southern European Seas (SES), by analyzing the export of POC at three deep sites located in the Western Mediterranean Sea (WMED), the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (EMED) and the Black Sea (BS). We combine estimations of satellite and algorithm-generated primary production data, calculated POC fluxes out of the euphotic layer and POC fluxes measured by sediment traps at the mesopelagic and bathypelagic layers during a one year period, with an ultimate goal to obtain a better understanding of the functioning of the biological pump in the SES. Annual particulate primary production based on satellite estimations (SeaWiFS) at the three sites, averages 205, 145 and 225 gC m− 2 y− 1 at the WMED, EMED and BS, respectively. According to our findings, the fraction of primary production that is exported out of the euphotic zone in the SES ranges between 4.2% and 11.4%, while the fraction reaching the mesopelagic layer (1000–1400 m depth) ranges between 0.6% and 1.8%. Finally, the fraction of primary production exported at the bathypelagic layer (2000–2800 m depth) is found to be 0.6%, 0.3% and 1.4% in the WMED, EMED and BS, respectively. The role of various processes responsible for the replenishment of surface waters with nutrients, giving rise to productivity episodes and organic carbon export to depth at the three SES sites is considered.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 15, 2016 - 5:37:34 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 6, 2019 - 2:46:05 PM

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Alexandra Gogou, Anna Sanchez-Vidal, Xavier Durrieu de Madron, Spyros Stavrakakis, Antoni M. Calafat, et al.. Carbon flux to the deep in three open sites of the Southern European Seas (SES). Journal of Marine Systems, Elsevier, 2014, 129, pp.Pages 224-233. ⟨10.1016/j.jmarsys.2013.05.013⟩. ⟨hal-01274364⟩

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