Terrorisme, imaginaires sociaux et mobilités touristiques : comparaison France/Tunisie

Abstract : A comparative study of France and Tunisia since 2012 concerning the effect of terrorist attacks on tourist numbers highlights very contrasting results. In France, despite a very high number of attacks, tourism was quickly back on the ris:e. In contrast, Tunisia, which has had very few attacks, is facing a tourism collapse to this day. The combined effects of social contexts and the “cognitive strategies” of travelers can explain this difference. The French context portrays a reassuring image, due to a democratic and secular state, and high levels of security. This allows individuals to activate strategies or “cognitive biases,” which are intended to “ignore” the risk, albeit high, of terrorism. Tunisia represents an undemocratic state where political a:nd religious powers go hand in hand and, although the terrorist risk is much lower than in France, and although Tunisia is a country with a high level of security, it portrays the image of an at-risk context. In this case, travelers understand this destination based on the social representation of terrorism, where Islam is contaminated by terrorism, which, moreover, leads to Tunisia being placed in the category of dangerous countries.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 6, 2019 - 10:23:58 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 7, 2019 - 1:26:57 AM

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Anne-Marie Mamontoff. Terrorisme, imaginaires sociaux et mobilités touristiques : comparaison France/Tunisie. Sociétés - Revue des sciences sociales et humaines, De Boeck 2019, n°143 (1), pp.19. ⟨10.3917/soc.143.0019⟩. ⟨hal-02350772⟩

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