Oxidative stress biomarkers in the Mediterranean pond turtle ( Mauremys leprosa ) reveal contrasted aquatic environments in Southern France

Abstract : Increasing anthropogenic activities, like agricultural practices, constitute the main causes of the loss of water quality and disruption of freshwater ecosystems. High concentrations of pesticides, as shown under experimental conditions, can indeed impact freshwater animals. In Southern France, especially in the Pyrenees-Orientales department, because agricultural activities are mainly based on fruit crops and vineyards, glyphosate and AMPA were detected in some watercourses. Thereby we investigated the effects of degraded waters on the physiology of the endemic endangered freshwater species, namely the Mediterranean pond turtle Mauremys leprosa, in contrasted environments along the same rivers on the one hand and between different rivers on the other. We measured the activity and gene expression of two enzymes involved in the oxidative detoxification processes, namely the Catalase and the Superoxide dismutase. We showed significant variations in the Catalase gene expression and activity within turtles of the Fosseille River depending of their location, i.e. upstream or downstream of the wastewater treatment plants (WTP). Because agricultural environments are similar all along this river, they can no be longer considered as the unique source of turtle stress. The processed waters discharged by the WTP,
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 17, 2018 - 5:44:04 PM
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Laurent Héritier, Anne-Leila Meistertzheim, Olivier Verneau. Oxidative stress biomarkers in the Mediterranean pond turtle ( Mauremys leprosa ) reveal contrasted aquatic environments in Southern France. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2017, 183, pp.332 - 338. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.05.116⟩. ⟨hal-01686794⟩

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