Population expansions dominate demographic histories of endemic and widespread Pacific reef fishes

Abstract : Despite the unique nature of endemic species, their origin and population history remain poorly studied. We investigated the population history of 28 coral reef fish species, close related, from the Gambier and Marquesas Islands, from five families, with range size varying from widespread to small-range endemic. We analyzed both mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data using neutrality test and Bayesian analysis (EBSP and ABC). We found evidence for demographic expansions for most species (24 of 28), irrespective of range size, reproduction strategy or archipelago. The timing of the expansions varied greatly among species, from 8,000 to 2,000,000 years ago. The typical hypothesis for reef fish that links population expansions to the Last Glacial Maximum fit for 14 of the 24 demographic expansions. We propose two evolutionary processes that could lead to expansions older than the LGM: (a) we are retrieving the signature of an old colonization process for widespread, large-range endemic and paleoendemic species or (b) speciation; the expansion reflects the birth of the species for neoendemic species. We show for the first time that the demographic histories of endemic and widespread reef fish are not distinctly different and suggest that a number of processes drive endemism.
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Erwan Delrieu-Trottin, Stefano Mona, Jeffrey Maynard, Valentina Neglia, Michel Veuille, et al.. Population expansions dominate demographic histories of endemic and widespread Pacific reef fishes. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7, pp.40519. ⟨10.1038/srep40519⟩. ⟨hal-01469339⟩

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