Development of structure switching aptamer assay for detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk sample

Abstract : The discovery of in-vitro systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) process has considerably broaden the utility of aptamer as bio-recognition element, providing the high binding affinity and specificity against the target analytes. Recent research has focused on the development of structure switching signaling aptamer assay, transducing the aptamer- target recognition event into an easily detectable signal. In this paper, we demonstrate the development of structure switching aptamer assay for determination of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) employing the quenching-dequenching mechanism. Hybridization of fluorescein labelled anti-AFM1 aptamer (F-aptamer) with TAMRA labelled complementary sequences (Q-aptamer) brings the fluorophore and the quencher into close proximity, which results in maximum fluorescence quenching. On addition of AFM1, the target induced conformational formation of antiparallel G-quadruplex aptamer-AFM1 complex results in fluorescence recovery. Under optimized experimental conditions, the developed method showed the good linearity with limit of detection (LOD) at 5.0 ng kg−1 for AFM1. The specificity of the sensing platform was carefully investigated against aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA). The developed assay platform showed the high specificity towards AFM1. The practical application of the developed aptamer assay was verified for detection of AFM1 in spiked milk samples. Good recoveries were obtained in the range from 94.40% to 95.28% (n=3) from AFM1 spiked milk sample.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 4, 2016 - 12:30:06 PM
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Atul Sharma, Gaëlle Catanante, Akhtar Hayat, Georges Istamboulie, Ines Ben Rejeb, et al.. Development of structure switching aptamer assay for detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk sample. Talanta, Elsevier, 2016, 158, pp.Pages 35-41. ⟨10.1016/j.talanta.2016.05.043⟩. ⟨hal-01341192⟩



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