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Spillover from marine protected areas to adjacent fisheries has an ecological and a fishery component

Abstract : Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), if well designed and managed, can produce conservation benefits to fish assemblages within no-take zones and fishery benefits in neighboring areas through ‘spillover’. However, although plenty of studies have provided evidence of the benefits produced within MPA boundaries, overall benefits to local fisheries, especially via spillover, seem to be still unclear. Because of the lost fishing grounds following an MPA establishment, local fishermen usually oppose MPAs. There is, therefore, the urgent need for a better understanding of the mechanism(s) through which MPAs can export fishable fish biomass towards adjacent fished areas, a process that could counterbalance the loss of fishing grounds. Here we review the literature on spillover for refining the terminology, detailing the underlying mechanisms and identifying both the existing and needed methodological approaches to measure spillover. Operationally, two types of spillover should be considered: ecological spillover (i.e. the net export of juvenile, subadult and adult biomass from MPAs outwards driven by density-dependent processes) and the fishery spillover (i.e. the proportion of this biomass that can be fished, taking into account regulations and accessibility). Underwater visual census and tagging/tracking may allow getting evidence of ecological spillover, while experimental catch data are essential to assess and monitor fishery spillover, which is the main component of MPAs that can provide direct benefit to local fisheries.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 2, 2016 - 11:47:49 AM
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Manfredi Di Lorenzo, Joachim Claudet, Paolo Guidetti. Spillover from marine protected areas to adjacent fisheries has an ecological and a fishery component. Journal for Nature Conservation, Elsevier, 2016, 32, pp.Pages 62-66. ⟨10.1016/j.jnc.2016.04.004⟩. ⟨hal-01325478⟩



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