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Evaluation of extraction methods for ochratoxin A detection in cocoa beans employing HPLC

Abstract : Cocoa is an important ingredient for the chocolate industry and for many food products. However, it is prone to contamination by ochratoxin A (OTA), which is highly toxic and potentially carcinogenic to humans. In this work, four different extraction methods were tested and compared based on their recoveries. The best protocol was established which involves an organic solvent-free extraction method for the detection of OTA in cocoa beans using 1% sodium hydrogen carbonate (NaHCO3) in water within 30 min. The extraction method is rapid (as compared with existing methods), simple, reliable and practical to perform without complex experimental set-ups. The cocoa samples were freshly extracted and cleaned-up using immunoaffinity column (IAC) for HPLC analysis using a fluorescence detector. Under the optimised condition, the limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) for OTA were 0.62 and 1.25 ng ml–1 respectively in standard solutions. The method could successfully quantify OTA in naturally contaminated samples. Moreover, good recoveries of OTA were obtained up to 86.5% in artificially spiked cocoa samples, with a maximum relative standard deviation (RSD) of 2.7%. The proposed extraction method could determine OTA at the level 1.5 µg kg–1, which surpassed the standards set by the European Union for cocoa (2 µg kg–1). In addition, an efficiency comparison of IAC and molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) column was also performed and evaluated.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 19, 2016 - 4:44:54 PM
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Rupesh K. Mishra, Gaëlle Catanante, Akhtar Hayat, Jean-Louis Marty. Evaluation of extraction methods for ochratoxin A detection in cocoa beans employing HPLC. Food additives & contaminants. Part A. Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment, Taylor & Francis, 2016, 33 (3), ⟨10.1080/19440049.2015.1133933⟩. ⟨hal-01318581⟩



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