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Direct detection of OTA by impedimetric aptasensor based on modified polypyrrole-dendrimers

Abstract : Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a carcinogenic mycotoxin that contaminates food such as cereals, wine and beer; therefore it represents a risk for human health. Consequently, the allowed concentration of OTA in food is regulated by governmental organizations and its detection is of major agronomical interest. In the current study we report the development of an electrochemical aptasensor able to directly detect trace OTA without any amplification procedure. This aptasensor was constructed by coating the surface of a gold electrode with a film layer of modified polypyrrole (PPy), which was thereafter covalently bound to polyamidoamine dendrimers of the fourth generation (PAMAM G4). Finally, DNA aptamers that specifically binds OTA were covalently bound to the PAMAM G4 providing the aptasensor, which was characterized by using both Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) techniques. The study of OTA detection by the constructed electrochemical aptasensor was performed using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) and revealed that the presence of OTA led to the modification of the electrical properties of the PPy layer. These modifications could be assigned to conformational changes in the folding of the aptamers upon specific binding of OTA. The aptasensor had a dynamic range of up to 5 μg L−1 of OTA and a detection limit of 2 ng L−1 of OTA, which is below the OTA concentration allowed in food by the European regulations. The efficient detection of OTA by this electrochemical aptasensor provides an unforeseen platform that could be used for the detection of various small molecules through specific aptamer association.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 19, 2016 - 4:31:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:11:00 PM



Nawel Mejri-Omrani, Anna Miodek, Becem Zribi, Mouna Marrakchi, Moktar Hamdi, et al.. Direct detection of OTA by impedimetric aptasensor based on modified polypyrrole-dendrimers. Analytica Chimica Acta, Elsevier Masson, 2016, 920, pp.Pages 37-46. ⟨10.1016/j.aca.2016.03.038⟩. ⟨hal-01318543⟩