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Versatile SPR aptasensor for detection of lysozyme dimer in oligomeric and aggregated mixtures

Abstract : A Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) sensor for the quantitation of lysozyme dimer in monomer-dimer mixtures, reaching a detection limit of 1.4 nM dimer, has been developed. The sensor is based on an aptamer which, although developed for the monomeric form, binds also the dimeric form but with a strikingly different kinetics. The aptasensor was calibrated using a dimer obtained by cross-linking. Sensorgrams acquired with the aptasensor in monomer-dimer mixtures were analysed using Principal Components Analysis and Multiple Regression to establish correlations with the dimer content in the mixtures. The method allows the detection of 0.1–1% dimer in monomer solutions without any separation. As an application, the aptasensor was used to qualitatively observe the initial stages of aggregation of lysozyme solutions at 60 °C and pH 2, through the variations in lysozyme dimer amounts. Several other methods were used to characterize the lysozyme dimer obtained by cross-linking and confirm the SPR results. This work highlights the versatility of the aptasensor, which can be used, by simply tuning the experimental conditions, for the sensitive detection of either the monomer or the dimer and for the observation of the aggregation process of lysozyme.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 17, 2016 - 4:50:49 PM
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Alina Vasilescu, Cristina Purcarea, Elena Popa, Medana Zamfir, Iuliana Mihai, et al.. Versatile SPR aptasensor for detection of lysozyme dimer in oligomeric and aggregated mixtures. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Elsevier, 2016, 83, pp.Pages 353-360. ⟨10.1016/j.bios.2016.04.080⟩. ⟨hal-01316803⟩



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