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Environmental Friendly Fluidized Bed Combustion of Solid Fuels: A Review About Local Scale Modeling of Char Heterogeneous Combustion

Abstract : Purpose Fluidized bed combustion is currently intensively developed throughout the world to produce energy from several types of solid fuels, while significantly reducing pollutant emissions with respect to conventional combustion units. Accurate models must be formulated at both bed and particle levels to operate efficiently such units, since local phenomena such as particle temperature and combustion rate are crucial aspects for process improvement and control. In this sense, this article proposes a classification of local scale models to represent the evolution of char heterogeneous combustion of any carbonaceous particles. Methods Existing models are described and classified based on the characteristics of the governing equations, the thermal behavior of the gas and solid phases and the description of both the burning particle and the surrounding gas, under a heterogeneous or pseudo-continuous assumption. Criteria for choosing one model instead of others are also considered, depending on the case. The so-called Intrinsic Reactivity Models are described in detail for evaluating the pertinence of their simulated results. The use of CFD to build a simulation scheme of the solid combustion process at local scale is also presented and discussed. Results A complete description of the solid fuel burning process is given, along with useful information concerning the evolution of different variables, such as particle internal temperature that governs the reaction rate and gas composition. Conclusions This comparative analysis gives a strong basis to select the appropriate modeling approach. Finally, recommendations are proposed for model application and future development.
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Contributor : Olivier Savoyat Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 4, 2016 - 4:57:28 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 5:12:04 PM




Germán D. Mazza, José M. Soria, Daniel Gauthier, Andrés Reyes Urrutia, Mariana Zambon, et al.. Environmental Friendly Fluidized Bed Combustion of Solid Fuels: A Review About Local Scale Modeling of Char Heterogeneous Combustion. Waste and Biomass Valorization, Springer, 2016, 7 (2), pp 237-266. ⟨10.1007/s12649-015-9461-5⟩. ⟨hal-01311852⟩



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