Analyse comparée à l’échelle mondiale des techniques d’ingénierie écologiques adaptées à la restauration des récifs coralliens

Abstract : A comparative study at the global scale of ecological engineering techniques suitable for coral reef restoration.— To limit the impact of development projects on the decline of coral ecosystem while following a trend already started in Europe and in the world; the French regulation has, since 2009, made obligatory the establishment of initiatives to offset the impacts caused to the environment. Artificial reefs and coral transplantation (or both together) are the two tools providing the most positive experience feedbacks worldwide. The study and comparison of 22 restoration projects of coral reefs conducted worldwide has shown that since the new regulatory obligations of mitigation, European projects have been multiplied, trying to find more effective techniques at lower costs. However, despite undeniable advances in applied research on the effectiveness of ecological engineering techniques used in experimental conditions, there is still no standard methodology of evaluation for each case of their application, in the context of mitigation measures for environmental impacts. This methodological gap often results in a gap between the “scientific” and the “practical” restorations and by frequent disagreement on the best practices for evaluation.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 8, 2016 - 11:58:06 AM
Last modification on : Monday, September 2, 2019 - 9:42:56 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01270634, version 1

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Amélie Chipeaux, Mathieu Pinault, Nicolas Pascal, Sylvain Pioch. Analyse comparée à l’échelle mondiale des techniques d’ingénierie écologiques adaptées à la restauration des récifs coralliens. Revue d'Ecologie, Terre et Vie, Société nationale de protection de la nature, 2016, 71 (2). ⟨hal-01270634⟩

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