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A Two-Stage Data Association Approach for 3D Multi-Object Tracking

Abstract : Multi-Object Tracking (MOT) is an integral part of any autonomous driving pipelines because it produces trajectories of other moving objects in the scene and predicts their future motion. Thanks to the recent advances in 3D object detection enabled by deep learning, track-by-detection has become the dominant paradigm in 3D MOT. In this paradigm, a MOT system is essentially made of an object detector and a data association algorithm which establishes track-to-detection correspondence. While 3D object detection has been actively researched, association algorithms for 3D MOT has settled at bipartite matching formulated as a Linear Assignment Problem (LAP) and solved by the Hungarian algorithm. In this paper, we adapt a two-stage data association method which was successfully applied to image-based tracking to the 3D setting, thus providing an alternative for data association for 3D MOT. Our method outperforms the baseline using one-stage bipartite matching for data association by achieving 0.587 Average Multi-Object Tracking Accuracy (AMOTA) in NuScenes validation set and 0.365 AMOTA (at level 2) in Waymo test set.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03347110
Contributor : Vincent Fremont Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 9:27:41 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 3:52:07 PM

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Minh-Quan Dao, Vincent Frémont. A Two-Stage Data Association Approach for 3D Multi-Object Tracking. Sensors, MDPI, 2021, 21 (9), pp.2894. ⟨10.3390/s21092894⟩. ⟨hal-03347110⟩

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